According to UN data, India will become the world’s most populated nation next year, surpassing China’s population of 1.4 billion.
By November of this year, there will be eight billion people on the earth.
But population growth is slower than it once was.
It is currently at its slowest rate since 1950 and is projected to peak in the 2080s at roughly 10.4 billion people, according to the United Nations, but other demographers believe it could occur much sooner.
However, the global population is expanding unevenly.
In the next 30 years, more than half of the growth will occur in just eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Tanzania.
Moreover, several of the world’s most industrialized economies are already experiencing population decrease as fertility rates fall below the “replacement rate” of 2.1 children per woman. According to the report, populations will decrease by at least 1 percent in 61 countries by 2050.
China, which has one of the world’s lowest fertility rates (1.15 children per woman), has announced that its population will begin to decline next year – considerably earlier than originally anticipated. Despite eliminating its one-child policy in 2016 and instituting incentives for families to have two or more children, this is the case.
India will very probably surpass China as the country with the largest population as its population continues to expand.
Fertility rates are declining internationally, even in many countries with rising populations. This is because, as prior generations grow, more people are having children, despite the fact that these individuals are having fewer children than their parents.
As a result of advances in health and technology, more children are surviving into maturity, and more adults are surviving into old age. This trend is anticipated to continue, resulting in a global average life expectancy of approximately 77.2 years by 2050.
The proportion of the global population aged 65 or older is anticipated to increase from 10 percent this year to 16 percent in 2050 due to this trend. Again, the distribution will be unequal, with certain nations, such as those in East Asia and Western Europe, currently experiencing high levels of population aging.