According to the United Nations, more than 300,000 civilians were killed in Syria in a decade, the “highest estimate yet of conflict-related deaths” in a civil war that began in 2011.
According to an extensive report released by the UN Human Rights Council, the figure represents 83 civilian deaths per day from 2010 to 2021, including nine women and 18 children.
“The conflict-related casualty figures in the report represent individual human beings, not abstract numbers,” said Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
“The impact of each of these 306,887 civilians being killed would have had a profound, reverberating impact on the family and community to which they belonged.”
According to the report, 143,350 civilian deaths were individually documented by various sources, with detailed information including the deceased’s full names, dates of death, and location of death.
The UN report excludes people killed in the war whose families did not notify authorities, as well as soldiers and fighters whose numbers are estimated to be in the tens of thousands.
The direct result of war
Syria’s civil war began as a peaceful uprising against the country’s President, Bashar al-Assad, during the Arab Spring in 2011.
Events quickly erupted, shattering the lives of millions, destroying cities, straining global politics, and spurring diplomatic efforts that were constantly called into question.
According to experts, the Syrian conflict was not only one of the bloodiest in history but also one of the most complex.
According to Bachelet, the deaths of 306,887 civilians represent “a staggering 1.5 percent of the total population,”
raising serious concerns about “the failure of the parties to the conflict to respect international humanitarian law norms on civilian protection.”
“This analysis will also give a clearer sense of the severity and the scale of the conflict,” Bachelet said.
“Let me be clear, these are the people killed as a direct result of war operations. This does not include the many, many more civilians who died due to the loss of access to healthcare, to food, to clean water and other essential human rights, which remain to be assessed.”